Wget is a command-line utility created by the GNU Project for downloading files from the web. The name is a combination of World Wide Web and the word get.
With the help of Wget you can download files using HTTP, HTTPS, FTP and SFTP protocols.
Wget is created in portable C and usable on any Unix system and provides a number of options allowing you to download multiple files, limit the bandwidth, resume downloads, recursive downloads, mirror a website, download in the background and much more.
This page explains how to use the wget command with examples and complete explanations of the most common options.
First, check whether the
wget utility is already installed or not in your Linux operating system, using the following command.
## On Debian, Ubuntu and Mint ## $ dpkg -l | grep wget ## On RHEL/CentOS/Fedora ## $ rpm -q wget
Note: The wget package is pre-installed on most Linux distributions today.
wget is not installed, you can easily install it using the package manager of your distro.
Installing Wget on Redhat, CentOS and Fedora
$ sudo yum install wget
Installing Wget on Debian and Ubuntu
$ sudo apt install wget
You must follow the syntax given below to use the
$ wget url $ wget [options] [url]
options: wget options
url: URL of the file or directory you want to download or synchronize.
1. Download a File with Wget
The command will download a single file and store it in a current directory.
It also shows Download Progress, Date and Time, Size while downloading.
$ wget https://github.com/BoostIO/boost-releases/releases/download/v0.16.1/boostnote_0.16.1_amd64.deb
2. Saving the Downloaded File Under Different Name
To save the downloaded file under a different name, pass the
-O option followed by the chosen name.
$ wget -O boostnote_latest.deb https://github.com/BoostIO/boost-releases/releases/download/v0.16.1/boostnote_0.16.1_amd64.deb
The command above will save the
boostnote_0.16.1_amd64.deb file from GitHub as
boostnote_latest.deb instead of its original name.
3. Download Files in Background
-b option you can send download in the background immediately after download start and logs are written in
$ wget -b wget.log https://github.com/BoostIO/boost-releases/releases/download/v0.16.1/boostnote_0.16.1_amd64.deb
4. Downloading a File to a Specific Directory
wget will save the downloaded file in the current working directory. To save the file to a specific location, use the
$ wget -P mydata/files/ https://github.com/BoostIO/boost-releases/releases/download/v0.16.1/boostnote_0.16.1_amd64.deb
The command above tells
wget to save the file to the
5. Download Multiple Files From a File
To download multiple files at once, use the
-i option with the location of the file that contains the list of URLs to be downloaded.
Each URL needs to be added on a separate line as shown. For example, the following file named
download_files.txt contains the list of URLs to be downloaded.
$ cat download_files.txt https://cdimage.debian.org/debian-cd/current/amd64/iso-dvd/debian-11.2.0-amd64-DVD-1.iso https://github.com/gohugoio/hugo/archive/master.zip https://releases.ubuntu.com/20.04.3/ubuntu-20.04.3-desktop-amd64.iso https://github.com/BoostIO/boost-releases/releases/download/v0.16.1/boostnote_0.16.1_amd64.deb https://download.rockylinux.org/pub/rocky/8/isos/x86_64/Rocky-8.5-x86_64-dvd1.iso https://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/28/Server/x86_64/iso/Fedora-Server-dvd-x86_64-28-1.1.iso
$ wget -i download_files.txt
6. Skipping Certificate Check
If you want to download a file over HTTPS from a host that has an invalid SSL certificate, use the
$ wget --no-check-certificate https://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/28/Server/x86_64/iso/Fedora-Server-dvd-x86_64-28-1.1.iso
7. Mirror Entire Website
To create a mirror of a website with
wget, use the
$ wget -m https://edumotivation.com
If you want to use the downloaded website for local browsing, you will need to pass a few extra arguments to the command above.
$ wget -m -k -p https://edumotivation.com
-koption will cause
wgetto convert the links in the downloaded documents to make them suitable for local viewing.
-poption will tell wget to download all necessary files for displaying the HTML page.
8. Resume Uncompleted Download
In case of large file download, it may happen sometimes to stop download.
In that case we can resume downloading the same file where it was left off with
-c option but when you start downloading files without specifying
-c an option
wget will add .1 extension at the end of the file, considered as a fresh download.
So, it’s good practice to add
-c switch when you download large files.
$ wget -c https://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/28/Server/x86_64/iso/Fedora-Server-dvd-x86_64-28-1.1.iso
9. Downloading via FTP (Password Protected)
To download a file from a password protected FTP server, specify the username and password as shown below.
$ wget --ftp-user=FTP_USERNAME --ftp-password=FTP_PASSWORD ftp://ftp.demo.com/file_name.tar.gz
10. Downloading via HTTP (Password Protected)
To download a file from a password protected HTTP server, you can use the options
--http-password=password as shown.
$ wget --http-user=helpdesk [email protected] http://http.demo.com/file_name.tar.gz
11. Download Multiple Files with HTTP and FTP Protocol
Type the following command to download multiple files at once using HTTP and FTP protocol with the help of
$ wget http://ftp.gnu.org/gnu/wget/wget2-2.0.0.tar.gz ftp://ftp.demo.com/file_name.tar.gz
12. Downloading to the Standard Output
In the following example,
wget will quietly ( flag
-q) download and output the latest WordPress version to stdout ( flag
-O -) and pipe it to the
tar utility, which will extract the archive to the
$ wget -q -O - "http://wordpress.org/latest.tar.gz" | tar -xzf - -C /var/www
13. Set File Download Speed Limits
To limit the download speed, use the
By default, the speed is measured in bytes/second. With option
--limit-rate=500k, the download speed limit is restricted to 500k and the logs will be created under
wget.log as shown below.
$ wget -c --limit-rate=500k -b wget.log https://download.fedoraproject.org/pub/fedora/linux/releases/28/Server/x86_64/iso/Fedora-Server-dvd-x86_64-28-1.1.iso
14. Changing the Wget User-Agent
Sometimes when downloading a file, the remote server may be set to block the
In situations like this, to emulate a different browser, pass the
$ wget --user-agent="Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64; rv:60.0) Gecko/20100101 Firefox/60.0" http://wget-forbidden.com/
The above command will emulate Firefox 60 requesting the page from wget-forbidden.com.
I hope you have learned something from this article.
I have tried my best to include all the features of wget command in this guide.
Now I’d like to hear your thoughts.
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